Tanzania's pre-history is documented at over 65 million years old with dinosaur sites near Tunduru in the southern part of the country. Fossils ranging from a few hundred thousand years to 4 million years old are found in the Central and Northern part of the country. Famous sites include Olduvai Gorge, preserving almost 2 million years of fossil record, and Laetoli, where 3.5 million year-old fossil footprints were found. In the central region of Tanzania, beautiful rock painting sites span, at the very least, the last 15,000 years.


This British Protectorate once known as "Tanganyika" was formed in 1890 and made history in 1961 by being the first East African country to gain independence, becoming a Republic in 1962. Zanzibar, an island off of the coast of Tanzania, followed with its own independence in 1963. The next year Tanganyika and Zanzibar came together as the United Republic of Tanzania.